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Intra Uterine Insemination

Intra Uterine Insemination

Intra Uterine Insemination

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment where sperm are placed directly into a woman’s uterus.

During natural conception, sperm have to travel from the vagina through the cervix, into the uterus, and up to the fallopian tubes. With IUI, sperm are “washed” and concentrated, and also placed directly into the uterus, which puts them closer to the egg.

This process can increase the likelihood of pregnancy in certain couples who have had difficulty getting pregnant.

Who does IUI help?

IUI is a relatively noninvasive and less-expensive fertility treatment compared to more invasive and costly treatments such as in vitro fertilization (IVF). In some cases, couples may begin with IUI before progressing to IVF if needed. IUI may be the only treatment needed to achieve pregnancy.

IUI can be performed using a male partner’s sperm or donor sperm. IUI is most commonly used in these scenarios:

  • Unexplained Infertility.
  • Mild Endometriosis.
  • Issues with the cervix or cervical mucus.
  • Low sperm count.
  • Decreased sperm motility.
  • Issues with ejaculation or erection.
  • Same-sex couples wishing to conceive.
  • A single woman wishing to conceive.
  • A couple wanting to avoid passing on a genetic defect from the male partner to the child.
  • Women with moderate to severe endometriosis.
  • Women who have had both fallopian tubes removed or have both fallopian tubes blocked.
  • Women with severe fallopian tube disease.
  • Women who have had multiple pelvic infections.
  • Men who produce no sperm (unless the couple wishes to use donor sperm).

In situations where IUI isn’t recommended, another treatment such as IVF may be helpful. If you wish to discuss options for conceiving, your doctor can help determine the best course for you.